Sadou (Tea ceremony)
In Japan, there is a traditional tea ceremony called “sadou”.
In sadou, the master of the ceremony invites guests and serves Japanese traditional tea called Matcha.The spirit of sadou is based on Zen philosophy.
During the Kamakura period, as Zen became popular in Japan, so did sadou.
After that, in Azuchi-Momoyama period, Sen-no-rikyu invented “Wabicha” which became the origin of modern Sadou.The act of making tea is called “Temae”.
The master of the ceremony will bring his/her tools to make the tea. He/She will then clean the tea bowl and pour some hot water to warm up the bowl.The master of the ceremony will add matcha, pour hot water, stir with a bamboo whisk called “Chasen” and then serve it to the guest.When you receive the tea, you must first bow.
Before holding the bowl, you have to say “Otemae itadakimasu” to the master of the ceremony.You pick up the bowl with your right hand and put it on your left hand. Then turn the bowl twice clockwise to start drinking the tea.When you finished to drink tea, wipe your mouth with a cloth and return the bowl to the master of ceremony.After you return the bowl, you have to say “Kekkouna otemaedeshita” (“Thank you for making tea for me. It was good taste”) to the master of the ceremony. And then bow.Master says “Osomatsu sama desita” (It is good to hear as you could enjoy to drink tea. Thank you)
Matcha is Super Food.
1. Food poisoning prevention (Catechin)
2. Regulate the stomach (Catechin)
3. Prevents cancer and lifestyle-related diseases (Catechin)
4. Blood cholesterol inhibition (Catechin)
5. Cold prevention (Catechin, Vitamin C)
6. Tooth decay and bad breath prevention (Catechin-fluorine)
7. Anti-allergy (Catechin, Saponin)
8. Improve blood flow (Saponin)
9. Hypertension improvement (Catechin, Theanine)
10. Relaxation of muscles (Theanine)
11. Insomnia prevention and sleep promotion (Theanine)
12. Premenstrual syndrome and menopause symptom relief (Theanine)
13. Fatigue recovery and awakening (Caffeine)
14. Dementia prevention (Caffeine)
15. Green tea is delicious without vertigo
16. Help with diet
18. Detox effect
The Matcha’s origin goes back to ancient times in China. According to the best of Tea book “Sa-kyou(茶経),” that was edited during the Tou period(唐代) in China, the habit to a drink tea was started by a legend god named “Shin-nou(神農)” since 3400 B.C. Shin-nou walked around the forest to find fruit tree and wild plants of medicine for human being. The god used tea leaves to detox from poison. This is also stated in other documents called “Kou-ga(広雅).”
There are many effects of tea leaves is including calming tensions and cooling fever. It is medicine for curing the body.
It all started with “Dancha(団茶)” in China.
The Dancha is written in documents from eight centuries ago in China.
The Dancha is drink that made by boiling fermented material in a tea kettle.
This is the process for making Dancha.
Grind tea powder from tea leaves
- Steam the tea powder
- Making Dango dumplings by punch and mortar
- Add malt
Matcha is made by using this Dancha since the 10th century.
These are historical roots for Matcha.
Matcha is made from the powders Dancha and then the powder is brewed.
Matcha and Japan
Tea was brought Envoir (遣唐使) in Japan.
The highest priests “Saichou（最澄）”, and “ Ku-u-kai（空海）” bought back tea seeds from China to Japan .
They plant the tea seeds at “hieizan（比叡山）” in Kyoto.
Tea is planted in Kyoto “Uji(宇治)”
Master of Zen priest “Ei-sai(栄西)” came back from “Sou(宋)”. He learned about making tea from China and taught the Japanese. He spread the habit of drinking tea.
Master of Zen priest Ei-sai wrote a science book “Kissa-youjyou-ki (喫茶養生記).” It is about Matcha(tea)’s benefit for the body
-About early 14 century-
The habit of drinking tea became popular among the royals and samurais.
“Tea” means Matcha at that time.
– 16 century-
A traditional ceremony called Sadou （茶道）culture was spread by “Sen-no-Rikyu-u(千利休)“,
“Mura-ta jyu-ko-u（村田珠光）”,“Takeno jyu-ou（竹野 紹鴎）” during the “Azuchi-Momoyama
-About 2015 year-
Matcha became popular to the world
Uji and Shizuoka are two locations in Japan that are popular for tea production.
The warm climate, humidity and south-facing slope spreading in hill areas are suitable to grow tea.
These are the reasons why the images of Matcha is connected with Kyoto.
However, Matcha’s true origin is from China.